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Which is the correct sentence?

1)I oppose to taking a drug.

2)I'm opposed to taking a drug.

I have a problem in understanding the 2nd one.

"I'm opposed" makes sense when there is another subject so I can say I'm opposed by someone or something. But in this case, I tell myself that I hate taking a drug.

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    You can oppose something or be opposed to something. So 1) should be I oppose taking a drug. Which seems correct, but sounds (without context) a bit strange - do you hate taking a specific medication, or are you against "mind altering substances" (drugs)?
    – oerkelens
    Commented Apr 2, 2017 at 17:11
  • mind altering :)
    – Gt_R
    Commented Apr 2, 2017 at 17:13
  • Then I propose you change your sentences to refer to drugs. "A drug" would be a single specific one, even if you do not mention which one. "I'm against taking drugs" could mean I don't trust doctors, but it normally means "I am against people taking cocaine, heroine, etc".
    – oerkelens
    Commented Apr 2, 2017 at 17:17
  • @oerkelens That is very much a situational-usage issue. He could be referring to a preference for nutritional or physical therapy instead of drug-based medical treatment. Commented Apr 2, 2017 at 22:59
  • @chrylis That is why I specifically asked which drug(s) the OP meant, and his answer was "mind altering". "Mind altering substances" are in (almost) all cases understood to be drugs as in the examples I gave.
    – oerkelens
    Commented Apr 3, 2017 at 5:52

1 Answer 1

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oppose is a transitive verb taking a direct object.

I oppose {something}.

An adjective can be formed from the past participle of the verb, indicating state.

I am opposed to {something}.

I am opposed to inflationary economic policies.

We have the verb-to-be (am) and so opposed is predicated about the subject, "I".

The prepositional phrase to inflationary economic policies indicates that to which I am opposed.

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