There is this sentence in which I'm trying to count a number of effects that restoring a currenly dried out lake can have on a particular region. I want to say that after reviving the lake the microclimate in that region will be affected so in winters and summers it wouldn't be that cold or hot because the lake makes the climate there mild:

Restoring Lake X can [the verb] the surroundings climate.

The verb I need means make mild then. Any suggestions?

  • 2
    Or you could say "...make the local microclimate more temperate" instead of looking for a verb.
    – TimR
    Apr 12, 2017 at 22:16
  • Restoring Lake X would make the climate around it milder.
    – Lambie
    Apr 12, 2017 at 23:44

2 Answers 2


People often say lakes and other large bodies of water moderate the weather. In that usage, moderate means to lessen the intensity or extremeness of - M-W.

Here is an article describing the phenomenon in the question: http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Ce-Cr/Climate-Moderator-Water-as-a.html

  • That sounds to me like impact as a verb. To moderate one's drinking or food intake, but moderate the climate?? Sounds odd to my ear.
    – Lambie
    Apr 12, 2017 at 23:43
  • @Lambie, they didn't invent the word just for drinking and eating. :-) I spent many years on the Great Lakes, and applying it to weather was common usage.
    – fixer1234
    Apr 13, 2017 at 4:57
  • In English, I don't believe one can say semantically correctly: moderate the weather. Moderate as a verb does not mean that in English.
    – Lambie
    Apr 13, 2017 at 18:42
  • @Lambie, did you see the M-W citation? I'm wondering if it just sounds odd to you because you've never had occasion to hear it applied to weather. Here's a scientific article on water as a climate moderator: waterencyclopedia.com/Ce-Cr/Climate-Moderator-Water-as-a.html
    – fixer1234
    Apr 13, 2017 at 21:19
  • I didn't see that article but water can be a climate moderatOR, it just can't moderate climate. In English, it is not a verb in that sense. I do see that that article uses it like that. Not sure I would.
    – Lambie
    Apr 13, 2017 at 23:25

You could use the transitive verb temper, which can mean "to dilute, qualify, or soften by the addition or influence of something else" (source: m-w) or "to moderate or mitigate; to soften or tone down" (source: dictionary.com).

As temper is related to the adjective temperate, which is frequently used in discussions of climate, it seems appropriate here.

Restoring Lake X can temper the surrounding climate.

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