1. I finished before he

  2. I finished before him

In formal language, do we use the subject or object pronoun after before or after?

  • Just want to add a bit to Lucian Sava's answer. Before can also be used as a conjunction. So "I finished before he did" is fine. – user178049 Apr 19 '17 at 3:08

The personal pronoun in question is the object of the preposition before or after. As a result we need to use the object form, that is, him:

I finished before him.

  • Very true, but we should note that if we use a verb phrase, it becomes he: I finished before he did. – stangdon Apr 19 '17 at 2:55
  • Yes indeed, @stangdon, it becomes he as the subject of a new sentence. – Lucian Sava Apr 19 '17 at 10:17

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