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Traditionally, information in Russian textbooks on history, geography is given in "paragraphs". But this word in Russian has the meaning different from that in English - in fact, those paragraphs are chapters. Is it possible to use the word "paragraph" speaking of the structure of textbooks? I personally would use the word "chapter".

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    It's hard to tell without more context, but in English, a paragraph and a chapter are very distinctly different things. A chapter has multiple paragraphs and is usually labeled "Chapter N"; a paragraph is one block of sentences. – stangdon Apr 21 '17 at 17:38
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The English word for Russian "параграф" is section. So I think it would be appropriate to say that in textbooks the information is given in sections, or that the texts in the textbooks are divided in sections. I would not use here the noun 'chapter', which is translated into Russian as "глава". To my mind, that term mainly refers to belles-lettres.

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    Why don't you think textbooks have chapters, though? In my experience with English-language textbooks, they certainly have chapters which are called such. – stangdon Apr 21 '17 at 18:08
  • @Alex89: You are right, but why is the word "chapter" not acceptable in the textbook? The meaning of this word is 'a main division of a book, usually with a number or title'. – Yulia Apr 21 '17 at 18:31
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Both words chapter and paragraph have identical definitions in either language.

If you are addressing a block of text on a page you can either say "section" or "paragraph".

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