For examples, "I have heard him say/s 'potato.'" "Have you heard me say/s 'carrots care'?" Should I treat them as subjects or should I use their base forms?

  • They are infinitives, so "say" is correct. – BillJ Apr 24 '17 at 19:10

"say potato" is a complement of the cetenative verb "to hear". And "to hear" as a verb of perception licenses a bare infinitival complement. So it's fine to say,

Have you heard him say potato?

| improve this answer | |
  • 2
    +1 Yes, "hear" is a catenative verb, and "say potato" is catenative complement. the intervening NP "him" is syntactic object of the matrix clause and the understood subject of the subordinate clause. – BillJ Apr 24 '17 at 19:07
  • @BillJ I learned it from you :) – user178049 Apr 24 '17 at 22:31

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.