I came across this sentence which has puzzled me and I'd like to know the proper completion to it. It goes as follows:

  • Students don't have to pay for the textbooks as the school .............. them.

A) pays
B) provides
C) affords

I know (A) isn't the correct answer so is it (B) or (C)?

"Provides" doesn't necessarily mean that the books will be free of charge, right?

  • 1
    "Provides" can be the correct answer here because we've already stated in the statement that the students don't have to pay for the textbooks. Commented May 2, 2017 at 11:17
  • B seems like the best choice. C is possible but not in this context. The school doesn't provide or supply students with an opportunity or facility of any kind, instead it simply gives them the textbooks for use. Commented May 2, 2017 at 11:19
  • I'm more interested in knowing what context you had considered C. Commented May 2, 2017 at 11:40

1 Answer 1


A simple answer is that B is correct.

For more details:

  • A: "pays" can take a preposition "for" in this context.
  • B: "provides" can take a preposition "for" in this context.
  • C: "affords" cannot take the preposition "for" in this context.

A, without the use of "for", would imply that the school gives money gives money to either the textbooks or the students (whichever "them" refers to). Giving money to the textbooks would of course be silly, and the students not having to pay because they themselves are paid does not make sense.

B would arguably be more grammatically correct with "for", but works fine without.

In the literal sense, C would mean that the school gives either the textbooks or the students the capacity to do something (but the sentence would be incomplete). If the sentence were to be completed it could say "the school affords students the ability to take textbooks off of former students". Alternatively it could be written as "Students don't have to pay ... as the school can afford them".

As such, while you could technically answer A (as it might imply that the school provides funds to the students to obtain books), it would certainly be an awkward interpretation. B is correct, and the implication in the context is that the school gives them without any charge: but it does not explicitly state this.


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