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I have learned that "as" can be used as a relative pronoun. However, in many American English grammar books, there was no examples in which "as" is used as a relative pronoun. Is "as" used in the following sentences a (pseudo) relative pronoun? In the following sentences, what is "as" grammatically?

    1. He is late, as is often the case with him.
    2. Tom was absent that day, as is often the case with him.
    3. Read such books as will be helpful.
    4. You should spend as much money as is necessary.
    5. This is the same watch as I lost.
    6. Additionally, when you consume too much protein, your body must remove more nitrogen waste products from your blood, which stresses your kidneys. Chronic dehydration can result, as was found in a study involving endurance athletes.
    1. Does "He is late, as is often the case with him" mean "He is late, which (=he is late) is often the case with him"?
    2. Does "Tom was absent that day, as is often the case with him" mean "Tom was absent that day, which (=tom was absent that day) is often the case with him" ?
    3. Does "Read such books as will be helpful" mean "Read such books that will be helpful"?
    4. Does "You should spend as much money as is necessary" mean "You should spend as much that is necessary"?
    5. Does "This is the same watch as I lost" mean "This is the same watch which I lost"?
    6. Does "Chronic dehydration can result, as was found in a study involving endurance athletes" mean "Chronic dehydration can result, which (=Chronic dehydration can result) was found in a study involving endurance athletes"?
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    More like an exam than a question. – Ash May 4 '17 at 5:43
  • "As" is not a relative pronoun here (it's a preposition), though as you say there is a significant resemblance in comparative adjuncts to supplementary relative clauses, cf. He is late, [as is often the case with him]. ~ He is late, [which is often the case with him]. – BillJ May 4 '17 at 7:28
  • hmm.. in my country, our english teachers have taught "as" as a relative pronoun for 70 years. Everyone surely believes that "as" is a "relative pronoun". By the way, in the American English grammar book, there is no mention of "as" as a relative pronoun. and you told me "as" as "preposition". If so, how do we interpret the sentence with "as" to correctly interpret it? If "as" is a preposition, how can it be followed by a verb (as is often~), not a noun or a pronoun (as being often)? – user22046 May 4 '17 at 8:46
  • Merriam Webster has examples of as used as a pronoun. See entry 3 in that dictionary. – Lambie Mar 23 at 17:35
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According to Oxford Dictionaries and Wiktionary.org, as is never a relative pronoun.

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