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Which one is correct:

(1) I will provide you with a car. OR
(2) I will provide a car to you.

Does Sentence 1 mean that the person and the car will be provided together?

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    This sentence provides me an excuse to demonstrate that you don't always need the preposition with in such contexts. Both your sentences mean exactly the same - they just reverse the syntactic roles of primary and secondary objects. Same as He gave her the answer / He gave the answer to her, for example, which again are semantically equivalent. – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica May 4 '17 at 15:07
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You are being confused by the nature of the objects. In both sentences, the meaning is the same. But look closely, the first sentence has a clear direct object. What is provided? A car. Who is it provided to? You. The car is the direct object and "you" is the indirect object. In the case of the first sentence, because you use with, the car becomes the object of preposition but is still the direct object.

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Both are correct. "Provide" as a transitive verb can act both ways and mean the same thing - 'to give someone something that they want or need' (Macmillan Dictionary):

  • provide someone with something - The lecture provided him with an opportunity to meet one of his heroes.
  • provide something for someone - The hotel provides a playroom for children.
  • provide something to someone - We provide legal advice and services to our clients.

The difference is only between placing either the direct or the indirect object first.

You may find this topic about the difference between prepositions with the word "provide" interesting - Prepositions with the verb "provide"

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Does sentence 1 mean that the person and the car will be provided together?

Very technically, it is possible, but unlikely because provide you with X is a common pattern where you is a direct object, and will always be assumed unless you have overriding context.

If you really meant that and wanted to be very clear, you can use together or move you to the end of the sentence.

I will provide you together with a car.

I will provide a car and you.

I will provide a car and you together.

This problem doesn't exist if the object of provide is explicit:

I will provide them you with a car.

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