She was faced with imminent death.

Is this sentence passive or active form?

Active form should be :

She faced with imminent death.

Is this right?

  • Is this an exercise? Where did you get it? Short passive, i.e passive without an agent, cannot be converted into an active voice. Or did you mean by emminent death? Commented May 26, 2017 at 8:39
  • Imminent death faced her. Just as with "The ball was kicked by him - > He kicked the ball", she moves into object position and becomes her and "with imminent death" becomes "imminent death" and is moved into subject position.
    – TimR
    Commented May 26, 2017 at 10:45

2 Answers 2


Your first example is indeed in the passive voice, as the subject is acted upon by the past participle form of a verb.

However, the active voice should be:

  • She faced imminent death.

In this case the transitive verb has a direct object, and thus needs no preposition in between.

Hope this is helpful.


{She} {was bitten} {by a rat} -> A rat bit her.

{She} {was faced} {with death} -> Death faced her.

She was confronted by a grim prospect. -> A grim prospect confronted her.

She was confronted with a difficult choice. -> A difficult choice confronted her.

She was appalled by the high prices. -> The high prices appalled her.

She was disappointed with the result. -> The result disappointed her.

The reaction was accelerated with a catalyst. -> A catalyst accelerated the reaction.

  • "with" can replace "by" in passive voice? Commented May 26, 2017 at 11:28
  • Some people treat the past participles here as participial predicate adjectives denoting state, and would deny that these are instances of the passive. But I see no reason to make that distinction since the preposition with can denote instrumentality just like by.
    – TimR
    Commented May 26, 2017 at 12:17

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