1

She was faced with imminent death.

Is this sentence passive or active form?

Active form should be :

She faced with imminent death.

Is this right?

2
  • Is this an exercise? Where did you get it? Short passive, i.e passive without an agent, cannot be converted into an active voice. Or did you mean by emminent death?
    – user178049
    May 26 '17 at 8:39
  • Imminent death faced her. Just as with "The ball was kicked by him - > He kicked the ball", she moves into object position and becomes her and "with imminent death" becomes "imminent death" and is moved into subject position. May 26 '17 at 10:45
1

Your first example is indeed in the passive voice, as the subject is acted upon by the past participle form of a verb.

However, the active voice should be:

  • She faced imminent death.

In this case the transitive verb has a direct object, and thus needs no preposition in between.

Hope this is helpful.

1

{She} {was bitten} {by a rat} -> A rat bit her.

{She} {was faced} {with death} -> Death faced her.

She was confronted by a grim prospect. -> A grim prospect confronted her.

She was confronted with a difficult choice. -> A difficult choice confronted her.

She was appalled by the high prices. -> The high prices appalled her.

She was disappointed with the result. -> The result disappointed her.

The reaction was accelerated with a catalyst. -> A catalyst accelerated the reaction.

2
  • "with" can replace "by" in passive voice?
    – user178049
    May 26 '17 at 11:28
  • Some people treat the past participles here as participial predicate adjectives denoting state, and would deny that these are instances of the passive. But I see no reason to make that distinction since the preposition with can denote instrumentality just like by. May 26 '17 at 12:17

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