The guard seems to be making some kind of racial or ethnic generalization (the phrase you people is the tip-off). The guard's main point1 is
Most of you people are [hard workers].
In this context, the phrase All your women would mean women belonging to the specific racial or ethnic group. Given the use of the word papooses which, as @Mindwin pointed out in a comment, is used to refer to North American Indian babies, it's probably safe to assume the guard specifically means Native American women.
1 To be more accurate, the guard's main overall point is that he doesn't have to answer to the senior guard, because the senior guard is inherently inferior due to his race/ethnicity. The guard makes the point about "you people" (including "your women") being hard working to explain how such an inferior being could have possibly been promoted to senior guard in the first place.
Edit: Just in case my answer isn't clear, I want to be explicit that the guard's entire speech is inflammatory and offensive (he means to insult the senior guard), and not something to model speech on. Phrases like you people and papooses and your women aren't likely to be received well in regular conversation, and should be avoided.