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What do we call sentences, like for example "the Hitler of 21st century" and other sentences like that.? What is the literary device/figure of speech used there.?

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  • The exact word sequence the Hitler of 20th century isn't idiomatic. Nor is it a "sentence" in the first place - it's a noun phrase (that makes no sense, since there was only one Hitler of significance, and he was a 20th century figure anyway). You could feasibly say, for example, North Korea's Kim Jong-un is the Hitler of the 21st century, which would be a figure of speech (of type "comparison"), as per your title. May 31, 2017 at 13:00
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    Is the word you're looking for metaphor?
    – stangdon
    May 31, 2017 at 17:59

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Both comments, from @FumbleFingers and from @stangdon are correct.

Short answer: it is a metaphor.

However, in the way expressed, it does not make sense. The only Hitler worth mentioning actually lived in the 20th century.

On the other hand, you can apply Hitler to a different time domain and you can use it as a symbol for North Korea's Kim Jong-un:

North Korea's Kim Jong-un is the Hitler of the 21st century

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