1

What is correct?

painting by Leonardo

or

Painting of Leonardo

Can the two propositions in this particular context be used interchangeably?


Added Context:

In a book I have found: the four portraits of Leonardo were painted on wooden panel, where the name of the book is Paintings of Leonardo da Vinci.

What if the name of the book would have been Paintings by Leonardo Da Vinci. Then should it be

  • The four portraits by Leonardo were painted on wooden panel

?

  • And what is the particular context? – Cardinal Jun 27 '17 at 6:56
  • Sorry for the inconvenience; actually In a book I have found: the four portraits of Leonardo were painted on wooden panel, where the name of the book: Paintings of Leonardo da Vinci. What if the name of the book would have been "Paintings by Leonardo Da Vinci". The four portraits by Leonardo were painted on wooden panel. – Arkaprava Bose Jun 27 '17 at 7:25
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Both phrases are correct, but they have different meanings

A painting of Leonardo

is a painting where Leonardo is the subject of the painting

A painting by Leonardo

is a painting where Leonardo is the artist.

If you wanted to refer to the body of work by the artist

The paintings of Leonardo

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There is a little difference. Since you didn't mention the particular context, I can only mention the basic difference.

If you want to refer to all of the Leonardo's works you should say

Paintings of Leonardo

However, if you want to refer to a single work, you should say

A painting by Leonardo


In line with the added info:

The book title is paintings of Leonardo da Vinci because it's probably about all of the paintings that he has painted. If the book was about only four specific paintings out of all, then the title would be as you suggested.

Note that if you want to refer to some works (or one work as I initially said above) you should use "by" rather than "of", which this does not have any thing to do with the title directly in my humble opinion.

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