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Can I say:

He turned around and was greeted with a smile from his frend.

Or do I have to use he twice?

He turned around and he was greeted with a smile from his friend.

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    No, you don't have to use he twice, and yes, you can leave off the second he, if you want to; or, you can leave it in. The optional (but very frequently applied) rule is called Conjunction Reduction. – John Lawler Aug 9 '17 at 22:53
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The first sentence is correct. You can link two predicates with the same subject with a conjunction. Consider "He laughed and cried". "He ate and was full". "He turned and was greeted".

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