Queen Elizabeth said this words to Duke, Who found in cross dresser.

Although my affection for you is undiminished, l have, after an agonizing struggle, determined to sacrifice my own happiness for the welfare of my people.

1 Answer 1


The have is an auxiliary verb, and this sentence can be rewritten in the following form:

After an agonizing struggle, I have determined to sacrifice....

The author has placed the preposition phrase after the subject phrase in this case, likely to break the repetition of dependent clauses.

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