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When a CPU is running with performance exceeding its spec, it is said to be "overclocked". I'm looking for a word with a similar meaning that could be applied to general electrical appliances or power tools. The word overclocked sounds clumsy when applied to a hair drier or a toaster.

The word overpowered sounds right from the physical point of view, but that means "too powerful" by design (thanks @AricFowler) or "defeated" by something more powerful, rather than "running over the spec".

Then there's the word overdriven and overdrive. Can it be applied to things like a toaster? Or does it only work with appliances which have an actual drive?

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    Overpowered is more commonly used to describe something that is too powerful, or so powerful it dominates other things in the same group: "This electric drill is overpowered". If something is "being overpowered" or "has been overpowered" then it is defeated, as you said.
    – Aric
    Aug 21, 2017 at 12:00
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    Could you explain how you might make a toaster "more powerful"? Or another related "power-up" electrical device? I realize yours is a language question, but I would like to understand the reality of such a situation. Maybe some other word could be apparent.
    – user3169
    Aug 21, 2017 at 18:09
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    @user3169 For example, one could increase the voltage to make the toaster produce more heat. Aug 22, 2017 at 10:13
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    @DmitryGrigoryev You could, but that would be a dangerous, right (shock or fire hazard). It's different from a CPU that should have redundant protection.
    – user3169
    Aug 22, 2017 at 19:26
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    @user3169 Toasters also have thermal protection, without it they're already a fire hazard even at their nominal power. Aug 22, 2017 at 19:35

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I believe you could use the phrase "revved up" for speed and power but some people do use "overclocked" for whatever they want. You could also use "improved" and "enhanced". the word "boost" can also work in some contexts.

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    "boost" sounds nice, thanks. But what about "overdrive"? Does it have a connotation of rotary motion (like "revved up") or not? Aug 22, 2017 at 13:01
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    You should add how these phrases could be "applied to general electrical appliances or power tools", since that is what the question asks. Just listing synonyms doesn't really do that.
    – user3169
    Aug 22, 2017 at 19:29

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