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There are innumerable verbs that should be followed by "adverbs or preposition", but at the same time, they are not "phrasal verbs"

My question is: why we put the adverbs and preposition after the verbs, does it to complete the meaning or these specific kind of verbs cannot stand alone "without prep or adv"

Look at this example:

  • several students were slouching against the wall.

In the dictionary mentioned that we the verb "slouch" should be followed either a prep or an adv.

Does that mean we cannot put the sentence in this form:- several students were slouching.?

I really have this problem that I can't determine whether some verbs needs "prep or adv" or not.

Look at these following examples. -the ponies galloped along the sand or galloped off.

Why can't we take "along..." or "off" and stay the sentence makes sense.

  • the man lurched drunkenly out of the bar.

  • They rode along narrow country lanes.

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    Locatives express a relationship of the action to the physical world. Those relationships are quite varied in terms of their motion, direction, force, duration, etc. Verbs like lurch refer to a type of motion in the abstract, but that motion can be situated in the physical world with a locative prepositional phrase. There is no phrasal verb lurch out. The only ways to know whether a particular verb is phrasal is to engage in conversation over time with native speakers, to read, to watch movies and TV, and to study lists in grammar textbooks. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 2 '17 at 10:45
  • The verb itself contains no morphological clues in that regard. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 2 '17 at 10:51
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    Second comment: there's no way to know, just from looking at the verb infinitive form, whether it requires a preposition for its intended meaning. First comment: He lurched is grammatical, but it is very vague and disconnected from the real world. It simply refers to a lurching motion in the abstract. But if we say He lurched against the door we have the additional information that he made contact with the door. The prepositional phrases add concrete detail to the action. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 2 '17 at 11:28
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    If we come to know that a verb is intransitive (as lurch is) we will then know that we cannot say "He lurched the bar". Intransitive verbs are connected to their complements with prepositions. But again, there's no way to know that a verb is intransitive or transitive just by looking at its infinitive form. And many verbs can act in either manner. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 2 '17 at 11:41
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    And without from we wouldn't know whether the mount was the starting point or the destination. I have come to the mount. I have come from the mount. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 2 '17 at 12:56

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