• We were hot because we'd run.

I am trying to solve this mistake, but it sounds right. This mistake is grammatical. the second sentence

  • From what book is this? – SovereignSun Oct 7 '17 at 8:04

There is no grammatical mistake here. "We'd" can stand for "we had", "we would" or "we should".

In this case, it stands for "we had": "We were hot because we had run."

  • I took this sentence from a question demanding to find the grammatical mistake. How this could be? – Bavyan Yaldo Sep 6 '17 at 23:34
  • I edited the question and added a picture relating to my question. Look at it. – Bavyan Yaldo Sep 6 '17 at 23:38
  • My best guess is that the expected correction might be "...because we'd been running". – rjpond Sep 7 '17 at 0:01
  • @Bavyan: Looks like the people who wrote the test failed. Their understanding of English is a subset of actual English. #4 can also be correct as well as it stands. Sure, you could say "went" there, but "go" works as well, and may even be preferable depending on the context. – Robusto Sep 7 '17 at 0:14
  • 1
    (Interesting to note, "time we go" is used without comment as part of a transcript of BrE native-speaker conversation at bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/language/… ... as part of a programme that was intended to help people learn English.) – rjpond Sep 7 '17 at 0:58

Just a guess here, but I would say: We were hot because we'd been running. (as has been noted by a previous answer, the we'd is a common contraction that native speakers use to express we had). But "had run" seems awkward compared to my version. (past perfect continuous)

see https://www.grammarly.com/blog/verb-conjugation/


We were hot because we'd run.

The sentence is correct but most English tests and grammar books explain this mistake this way: there should be an action in the progressive aspect preceding the result.

  • We were hot because we had been running. - is obviously prefered by tests and grammar books. The reason we were hot was because before that we had been running (this is the reason why we were hot).

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