Do these sentences have exactly the same meaning?

Young children often have trouble to pronounce words right.

Young children often have trouble pronouncing words right.

I can't understand the difference between to+verb and verb+-ing.

  • I'd prefer ...in pronouncing.. somehow! – Maulik V Sep 14 '17 at 7:40

Your two sentences mean the same thing, and will both be understood, but the first sentence is incorrect.

You should use the -ing verb here:

Young children often have trouble pronouncing words right.

Cambridge indicates this:

problems or difficulties [ + -ing verb ] Parents often have trouble finding good carers for their children.

M-W has this definition, with two examples:

a condition of doing something badly or only with great difficulty - has trouble reading - has trouble breathing

To complicate matters slightly, you can sometimes say trouble to + verb, but the shade of meaning is different. "Trouble" here has the weaker sense of "effort". Cambridge puts it like this:

slight problems or effort. [ + to infinitive ] If you took the trouble to listen to what I was saying, you'd know what I was talking about.

Cambridge's American edition has this example:

inconvenience or effort: The sweater is a bit large, but I’m keeping it because it’s too much trouble to return it.

For me, "too much trouble returning it" would work as well, but "took the trouble listening to what I was saying" doesn't really work (although "took the trouble of listening" would be fine).

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