Can we use the below-mentioned statement to express the following idea: "Celia infuriated Rudolf. Thus, he didn't help Celia."

Celia made Rudolf angry. Thus, Rudolf didn't help her.

In nutshell, I want to know whether we can use the construct "make + noun +adjective". If yes, can we also use the following statement in a similar format:

Celia made Rudolf calm. Thus, Rudolf agreed to help her.

or it should be:

Celia calmed down Rudolf. Thus, Rudolf agreed to help her.

I have only seen one sentence in this format which is used mostly, but not others that I mentioned above:

Celia made Rudolf happy. She is a nice person.

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    You're on to something interesting. I wouldn't say "make Rudolph calm" unless I meant he became calmer in general, in the long run. But I would say "make Rudolph angry" for the short run... I wonder if it depends on the adjective. Sep 18, 2017 at 1:40
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    The short answer is yes. make is a complex-transitive verb, so it can take a direct object and a predicative complement. Sep 18, 2017 at 2:00
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    We only use thus to mean consequently in contexts of logical inference, not of causality. Sep 18, 2017 at 3:44
  • @StoneyB Thanks for pointing out this mistake. I think I can replace "thus" with "As a result" in these sentences. Sep 18, 2017 at 7:38
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    Yes -- or just so. Sep 18, 2017 at 10:26

1 Answer 1


Yes you can use the grammatical structure make + noun + adjective complement like in He made me happy/sad/angry/upset.....

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