Stir fry (or stir-fry) can be used as a noun, for dishes which have been prepared with that method, as in
I cooked vegetable stir-fry yesterday.
I'm cooking up vegetable stir-fry for supper.
Chinese stir fry is also commonly heard, as the term originated in a Chinese cookbook; the Western counterpart to stir-fry is sauté.
To say vegetable stir-fry is to describe a particular dish, i.e. a stir-fry that has been prepared entirely with vegetables, as opposed to a chicken stir-fry or pork stir-fry for example. In contrast, vegetarian stir-fry describes a stir-fry which is vegetarian— unless it is made from vegetarians, I suppose.
When cooking for themselves, I don't think most people would refer to any dish as a combination, unless citing the title of a particular recipe. That term is associated with discounted options at inexpensive restaurants and fast food joints.
Stir fry can also be used as a compound verb, which you can use as you have proposed.
He stir-fries vegetables and tofu for supper every day.
I'm stir-frying the vegetables so they'll be crispy.
You can also use its past participle (adjectival) form to describe food that has been so prepared.
She prepared stir-fried vegetables yesterday.
You made stir-fried vegetables again?