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I know which one to use when describing objects.

These pencils are cool.

Those trees [300 meters away] are blocking my view.

But what happens if the noun you're describing is not tangible?

Ex.

I experienced many great adventures last year. These/those adventures were captured on film.

  • The noun can be abstractions or intangibles. No problem. These arguments, these considerations, these ephemera, these intangibles. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Sep 29 '17 at 15:09
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Notice that the time will also influence the usage of “these” and “those” as a demonstrative pronoun.

These - now/recently.

Those - past/a period some time ago.

For e.g.

I have been working hard these days

Those days were the best days in my life.

Coming to your sentence, correct usage would be:

I experienced many great adventures last year. Those adventures were captured on film.

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  • 3
    There is a near/far distinction between "these" and "those", but there's nothing wrong with using "these adventures" to mean "the adventures just mentioned". "These adventures" might be adventures in distant time, but they are also adventures of recent interest. Correct usage includes both "these" and "those". – Gary Botnovcan Sep 29 '17 at 14:50

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