No, it does not sound natural.
For one reason, you're referring (incorrectly) to an action that occurred "last night" with the present perfect. You need to say, "Oh, did you?" if you're responding to "We went fishing last night".
A time phrase in a present perfect construction cannot exclude the present. Last night excludes the present. Your reply is governed by the time context of the statement you are replying to.
Where you say "I tried it before" it would be better to use the present perfect and eliminate "before". I've tried it. A long-winded paraphrase: You are a person whose experience includes fishing. Experience is your present perspective on your past. That's the reason for the present perfect there.
More natural, perhaps, than "I've tried it" would be I've gone fishing or I went fishing once.
Finally, it is not clear what your intended meaning is with "Did you do something else?" In that little dramatic scenario, there's nothing to justify or explain the phrase "something else". If I take a guess at what you are trying to say there, I would suggest "What else have you done?" To paraphrase: "What other interesting things have you done (that is, things similar to catching a fish with your bare hands)?"