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It was not Sheldon but David, the poet's friend, who illustrated his new poem, published in the journal.

Can we remove the who? as the parenthesis itself is a who clause.

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No. You can't. Reduced relative clauses are applied to relative clauses with

EITHER “simple present tense”:

... poet's friend, who illustrates his new book => ... poet's friend, illustrating his new book

OR “passive perfect or past”:

... poet's friend's new book, which was (has been) illustrated recently => ... poet's friend's new book, illustrated recently

and a few more derivatives of these cases . i.e.: “passive present continuous”:

... poet's friend's new book, which is being illustrated => ... poet's friend's new book, being illustrated

  • can you please tell me if verb+inge can always replace that is/who is as your first example suggest. if not, when that is/who must not. – Arkaprava Bose Oct 1 '17 at 12:33
  • Well, I'm sorta not sure what your question is. Could you please rephrase your question? – Sina Oct 2 '17 at 12:15
  • It is not Sheldon but David, the poet's friend, illustrating his new poem, published in the journal. I ask if I can replace "who illustrates" with "illustrating" in all cases. – Arkaprava Bose Oct 2 '17 at 12:26

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