What is "are you" in the question
"Are you going to the beach?"
I thought it might be a verb phrase but when I looked up the definition of this type of phrase in the WJEC A Level English Language terminology glossary it says
"A phrase made up of a single lexical verb, or up to four auxiliaries and a lexical verb"
Examples given along with the definition are:
"follows, was following, should have been following, may have been being followed".