"In the second half they shot 33 percent and we got up and guarded people," he said. "I'm proud of the second half, but we don't do moral victories around here."

NCCU led 7-6 early and was tied at 10 with eight minutes elapsed.

Source: No. 19 Maryland cruises past NC Central 67-56

In my English learning, the acceptable version should be with eight minutes elapsing or with eight minutes having elapsed because elapse is intransitive verb, so I became confused here how elapsed had been used.

  • go is similarly intransitive and we often use gone as a post-modifier to describe the absent or used-up state of something: "With their rations gone, they had to hunt for food." With the sunlight gone, they had to use torches to see the path. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 9 '17 at 12:04
  • @Tᴚoɯɐuo I can understand gone because it can function as an adjective. – Kris Oct 9 '17 at 12:10
  • With the insurance policy lapsed, they had to pay for the damages out-of-pocket. With 89 minutes elapsed, they had only a minute to tie the game. having is not necessary when we have a prepositional phrase introduced by with and a past participle used as a post-modifier indicating state. Their policy having lapsed....With their policy lapsed. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 9 '17 at 12:11
  • @Tᴚoɯɐuo could you list more of examples that used this grammar structure. My most understanding hindrance is that elapse is a intransitive verb. – Kris Oct 9 '17 at 12:17
  • But even an intransitive verb has a past participle which indicates state. You can think of this as "With their policy [being] lapsed", that is, as a non-finite clause indicating the state the policy is in. The state of the minutes of the game clock is elapsed. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 9 '17 at 12:18
  • With is a preposition

  • Minutes is the object of the preposition with - a noun.

  • Eight is an adjective modifying minutes

  • Elapsed is the past participle form of elapse, being used as a modifier, post-positively modifying minutes.

    This construct is common - "X Y'ed" is equivalent to "X that am/is/are/was/were Y'ed" or "X that have/has/had been Y'ed" typically.

  • If so, it is equivalent to minutes that has been elapsed. But elapse is an intransitive verb, which is not used in passive voice. – Kris Oct 9 '17 at 14:57
  • @Kris: The past participle is used in passive construction, true, but that is not the only way it is used. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Oct 9 '17 at 17:04

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