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I'm in a bit of confusion of what is the grammatical relation of the bold phrase containing in below sentence:

According to the proclamation all men found with arms will be shot

If it's being qualified the word 'men' here, I've no idea how 'men' is being described/qualified by the phrase 'found with arms'. All I can think of the relative clause, if it can be used as relative clause:

According to the proclamation all men who are found with arms will be shot

Anyone can explain me how this phrase is related to this sentence? All the answers are much appreciated!

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According to the proclamation all men found with arms will be shot

The expression in bold is a past-participial clause modifying "men".

Past-participial (and gerund-participial) clauses are semantically similar to relative clauses: compare: all men who are found with arms will be shot. But they are not analysed as relative clauses since there is no possibility of inserting a relative pronoun (cf. the ungrammatical * men who found with arms).

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