What do I need to do to prepare the typhoon?
What do I need to do to prepare for the typhoon?
Is there any difference between these two sentences?
Can I use “prepare” instead of “prepare for”?
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Prepare is a verb that means ‘to make ready for something that may happen’. If you prepare the typhoon, the typhoon itself is the subject of the verb. (NOTE: A Typhoon can be a type of military aircraft (in Europe), or a type of submarine (in Russia).) So ‘prepare the typhoon’ means to make the aircraft ready for something.
In the second sentence, “What do I need to do to prepare for the typhoon?” What we are actually saying is… “What do I need to do to prepare myself for the typhoon”. ‘Myself’ is the thing that is being made ready but by using the phrase ‘for the typhoon’ English language allows us to drop ‘myself’ out of the sentence. The object of the verb is not stated in the sentence but is implied by the use of the preposition ‘for’.