Can we say:

  • Whom do you call friend?

Or better it would be:

  • Who do you call friend?

Which is grammatically fine?

Another questionable is:

  • Whom do you vote for?


  • Who do you vote for?

1 Answer 1


Whom is only used as the object of a verb or of a preposition.

So, it'd be:

  • Who do you call "friend"?
  • Whom do you vote for?
  • 1
    Yes, whom is used for objects...but "You call ___ friend" is also an example of an object, and not a subject, so "Whom do you call friend?" is correct. That said, we should note that a lot of English speakers have given up on whom entirely.
    – stangdon
    Nov 10, 2017 at 20:47
  • @stangdon Yes. Whom is now mostly a marker of high formality, and should be avoided unless a highly formal tone is desired.
    – bdsl
    Mar 2, 2021 at 12:04

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