Does "-esque" mean something? For example, grotesque, arabesque, burlesque, picaresque, and picturesque
No Both are different. -esque is a suffix used to form adjectives and it means "resembling" or "like" or "suggesting of"...
Lincoln + esque = Lincolnesque ... like Lincoln
Picture + esque = picturesque ... suitable for a picture
Burla + esque = Burlesque ... parodic, comic, like 'burla'
Burlesque came from an Italian word 'burla' that means jokes, mockery, parody etc. Burlesque is both adjective and noun. Some of these words may only be adjectives and some both.