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Just yesterday it emerged that hundreds of fake Twitter accounts believed to be linked to the Kremlin had been used to influence British politics.

Source: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/nov/15/russia-meddle-western-politics-putin-superpower

I suppose that the above sentence is grammatically correct. But the passage in bold in my non-native speaker opinion suggests that Twitter accounts have the capability to believe. Is this standard form? I would write: Just yesterday it emerged that it is believed that hundreds of fake Twitter accounts to be linked to the Kremlin had been used to influence British politics.

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Yes, it's perfectly standard English.

"Believed" is a passive past participle, so when it introduces a clause modifying "accounts", it is not the accounts doing the believing, but an (unspecified) agent.

Having said that, there is some raising going on, because what these unspecified people believe is not "the accounts" but "that the accounts are linked".

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    +1 The participle clause is understood by transformational grammar to be a relative clause reduced by 'Whiz deletion': "fake Twitter accounts which are believed to be linked..." – StoneyB on hiatus Nov 16 '17 at 17:21

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