There are three things but they are all related to each other.

1)-Is every verb allowed to use as a gerund or infinitive? If a verb has the first form and participle form, it means it can be used as infinitive or gerund?

2|)-Secondly, Every verb doesn't allow to use gerund or infinitive after it. Which dictionary helps or explain either this verb allows the usage of infinitive or gerund?

3)- confusion raises more when you think of cantenative verb. Is every transitive verb a catenative verb? Is there any dictionary dictates the particular types of verb.


  • Every verb has an infinitival form, of course, and a gerund-participle form. But not all verbs take non-finite clausal complements (some are strongly stative), but those that do are called 'catenative' verbs. It's quite a big topic! – BillJ Nov 23 '17 at 8:25
  • 1
    @bill Yes. (Well, apart from modal verbs. They don't have either. The verb beware only has a plain form. The verb used doesn't have an -ing form and can't be used in a to-infinitival construction.) – Araucaria - Not here any more. Nov 23 '17 at 14:08
  • @Araucaria Yes, yes! Don't nit-pick! Since the OP's question is about infinitives and gerunds, I was of course referring only to full-blown lexical verbs. Incidentally Wiki gives an ing form for "beware" link but I've never encountered it – BillJ Nov 23 '17 at 14:35
  • The verbs which don't have all the expected forms are called "defective". – snailplane Apr 11 '18 at 8:50

Not every verb can be used as a gerund or an infinitive.

A gerund is a verb in its ing (present participle) form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. Any action verb can be made into a gerund.

An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. It is formed with to + base form of the verb.

Modal verbs (e.g. can, may, must) cannot be used in these ways.

A Google search for just the two keywords "gerund infinitive" returns many pages with information and examples.

  • In traditional grammar, there are two ing forms: the present participle and the gerund. But in modern grammar we recognise only one, called the 'gerund-participle'. The important point is that it is a verb, though a few of them can form nouns by conversion (called gerundial nouns) and adjectives (called participial adjectives). – BillJ Nov 23 '17 at 7:58
  • 1
    Auxiliary verbs can have these forms, but modal auxiliary verbs cannot. – Araucaria - Not here any more. Nov 23 '17 at 14:07
  • @Araucaria Thanks, it looks like I was thinking one thing and wrote something else. – Mick Nov 24 '17 at 0:11
  • @Araucaria. Thanks. And is there a dictionary which explains a specific verb can be used as a gerund or infinitive or it accepts or doesn't accept non-infinitive arguments. – Raheel Bari Nov 24 '17 at 2:24

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.