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I have a question on preposition ‘to’.

When we use verb after ‘to’ we use either infinitives or verb in ing format but my question is:

  1. will the word ‘to’ be a preposition in both the case? also,

  2. verb in ing format is Gerund right? and

  3. is infinitive a verb?

  • What research have you done? – BillJ Dec 6 '17 at 10:18
  • [grammar corrections: Is the word "to" a preposition in both cases? Are all verbs with ing gerunds?] – Lambie Aug 30 at 15:50
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will the word ‘to’ be a preposition in both the case? also,

To is a preposition in any case.

verb in ing format is Gerund right? and

-ing words can be either gerunds (noun-like) or present participles (adjective/adverb-like). If you substitute "X-ing" for "to X", then it's a gerund.

is infinitive a verb?

Infinitives/gerunds are called verbals because they share properties of both nouns and verbs. They fit into slots in sentences where nouns are expected.

  • The "to" that occurs in infinitival clauses is a member of the category (part of speech) 'subordinator'. It's function in the clause is that of 'marker'. – BillJ Dec 6 '17 at 13:37
  • What are some other examples of subordinators? – LawrenceC Dec 6 '17 at 19:54
  • I don't call to a subordinator. I call it a function word, as defined here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Function_word They are considered to be a "closed class" of words as new ones do not usually spring up in a language. – Lambie Aug 30 at 15:47

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