In English as in many language, there are things which their names are made of two words or nouns, such as: shower-stall, toilet-room, washing-machines, and so on. My question is what is the name of the first component and the second component? (As far as I know the second component only can become plural)

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    Those are called compound nouns. But washing machine does not need a hyphen. Some compound nouns are simply two words. I have never heard of toilet room. – Lambie Dec 9 '17 at 16:14

Things which their names are made of two words are called: compound words.

Then there are "open compound words" and "closed compound words" as follow:

open compound words, such as living-room, coffee-mug.

closed compound words, such as bookstore, notebook.

Source: compound words.

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