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by 2020 I would be the most famous teacher in town

I know that will, not would, is the right word for this sentence, but does that make "would" incorrect? Or is it also possible but with a different meaning?

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Since it's 2017, using "would" implies a conditional, so you need some kind of "if" statement

By 2020 I would be the most famous teacher in town if I can find some students.

Otherwise you should use "will" or, if some other relatively uncertain verb like hope, intend, aspire, plan, etc.

However, you can use would to refer to past events that are in the future relative to some other past event, for example if you were writing your memoirs:

By 1995 I would be a wealthy artist, but in 1990 I was still struggling to pay for paint.

(Edit) As Mv Log mentions in the comments below, you can also use "would" when backshifting indirect quotes:

He told me, "By 2020 I will be the most famous teacher in this town."

He told me that by 2020 he would be the most famous teacher in this town."

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    Also, let's not forget indirect speech: I hope you do remember what I told you yesterday—that by 2020 I would (will is also possible) be the most famous teacher in town. – Michael Login Dec 9 '17 at 19:36

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