I see here and there that 'thus' is used before adverbs. What is the precise meaning of such usage? And is it idiomatic?

Example: thus + adverb + past participle

In pursuance of advice received from individuals thus honestly disposed, a military party was employed, and during the first day on which its services were used, they were found to be eminently successful. (Source)


It was certainly idiomatic before the end of the 19th century.

To be disposed can mean

  • feeling favourable about something
  • power to make decisions about disposed

The meaning of your sentence

On advice from individuals who honestly believed it was a good idea and had the power to decide, a military party was employed...

As for Thus - it is going out of fashion and not used much, likely due to it sounding old-fashioned or pompous.

I believe that hence is next to go.

So, and therefore are more modern sounding alternatives to thus and hence


You're parsing the sentence slightly incorrectly. It isn't really "thus + adverb", it's "thus + verb-phrase", and the adverb is just modifying the verb phrase.

For example, you can say "thus completed, the report was sent" or "thus finally completed, the report was sent", but just "thus finally" doesn't make sense by itself.

In your original sentence, you could say the people were thus disposed, and honestly indicates the way in which they were disposed, but the people weren't "thus honestly".

It is idiomatic but somewhat old-fashioned to use thus. It means something like "in this or that manner or way; to this degree or extent".

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