1: This author appears to have been inspired from his friends.

2: This author appears to be inspired from his friends.

It looks like both mean same but I want to know whether there is the difference in the meaning?

  • ...inspired by his friends. If he appears to be X, that's present tense (he definitely seems to be X at time of utterance, and possibly did so earlier as well). If he appears to have been X that's a "(Present) Perfect" form (he definitely seemed to be X in the past, and possibly still seems to be so now). But in practice no-one would bother making any such fine distinction with your cited example, because the "inspiration" referred to obviously happened in the past - it's not an ongoing thing. – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Jan 3 '18 at 17:46
  • Compare #1 He appears to be married and #2 He appears to have been married. In #2 (the perfect form), he might or might not (appear to) be married at time of utterance, but obviously he does in #1 (Simple Present + infinitive). – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Jan 3 '18 at 17:52

appears to be inspired = appears to be in a state of inspiration

appears to have been inspired =appears to be in a state of inspiration that began in the past

In either case the author appears to be in a state of inspiration. With the present perfect have been, that state of inspiration began at some time in the past.

The first, to be, is silent with respect to when the inspiration began. It makes no statement whatsoever in that regard.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.