While reading the article, I am quite confused about the part bolded "whether fallen or not".

I believe there might be two possible answers:

1: I did not stop to think whether the whirring cicadas was fallen or not.

2: I did not stop to think whether the angels was fallen or not.

The article:

The whirring cicadas might have been the rustling wings of angels -- I did not stop to think whether fallen or not.


I think this is a clear reference to Satan/the Devil in the Bible who is described by some as a "fallen angel". The suggestion is that cicadas might perhaps be rather like devils than angels. The comparison is metaphorical, not literal.

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