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What is the difference in the meaning of the following two sentences:

Iran waged a war on Iraq.

Iran waged a war with Iraq.

As per the definition of wage, wage means "carry on". I checked the sample sentences on Oxford and found that "waged a war on" is only used in the examples mentioned here. However, I checked "waged a war with" on Google ngram and found that this combination is also used. Is it a mistake in the usage of the preposition or it has any other meaning?

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    You can use either preposition with "waged war". Saying "Iran waged a war on Iraq" has a connotation that Iran is the aggressor and Iraq is the defender, while the pronoun with is more neutral as to who might be "at fault" for starting the war. – Canadian Yankee Feb 5 '18 at 16:08
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The expressions "... waged war on ...", "waged war with ..." or " ... waged war against ..." are used to name the enemy.

The expression " ... waged war with ..." also can be used to describe now the war was waged. For example: "They waged war with artillery and cavalry charges." or "They waged war with great ferocity."

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