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Suppose that there are two dogs. One is white and the other is black. Which one is grammatically correct?

the white and the black dogs

or

the white and the black dog

Should I use singular dog or plural dogs?

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    What's the full sentence? – Jim Feb 19 '18 at 3:51
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Both structures are grammatically correct, but the former is what you want, I think.

"The white and the black dog" is correct because here, ellipsis just dropped the "dog" after "white". "The white dog and the black dog" is the full or "original" phrase, and it's definitely talking about two (and only two) distinct dogs.

"The white and the black dogs" is grammatical but messy. Maybe it can be parsed as [[the white and the black]AdjP dogs]NP (where "the white and the black" is one chunk modifying "dogs"). That still doesn't say how many dogs there are. Maybe one of each colour, but maybe more. More confidently, I can say it can be read, "the white dogs and the black dogs" (because of ellipsis like above) where we have a minimum of 4 dogs (2 or more white, 2 or more black), or even "the white (dog) and the black dogs" Where we have at least 3.

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"The white and the black dog.."

Reason : Although there are 2 dogs here, they have different properties.

Your statement seems to be incomplete, it should start with something say for eg. :

There were two dogs among them, the white dog and the black dog, playing together with the ball.

  • Whom were the two dogs among? The object pronoun "them" in the first clause suggests that the two dogs were among a group of things, people or other animals. You could say that "the two dogs were playing among themselves" – Mari-Lou A Feb 19 '18 at 8:38
  • yeah, your're right. – K-devlife10 Feb 19 '18 at 8:39
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    There's nothing to stop you from fixing your answer and making it stronger. You might even get an upvote or two :) – Mari-Lou A Feb 19 '18 at 10:49
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"the white and the black dog" is correct. To make the other correct you could add a comma "the white, and the black dogs" to signify that the dog is not white and black.

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If there are two dogs, one of which is entirely white and the other of which is entirely black, the only way to be completely clear is to repeat the noun:

the white dog and the black dog

To me, this doesn't even make sense:

the white and the black dog

Although ellipsis is possible if you put the noun after the first adjective (although I still think it's usually preferable to repeat the noun):

the white dog and the black

This means one dog that has both black and white coloring:

the white and black dog

This means many dogs that have black and white coloring, some of which may be entirely white or entirely black:

the white and black dogs

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