(1) [ Members of an organization / Members of the organization ] may arbitrarily interpret what is not mentioned in the code of conduct, namely the silence, so long as they do not violate the written code of conduct especially when they have (2) [a particular situation / particular situations ] to which there is no item or rule to apply. In other words, they may make the unethical decision that they take an action when it is not evaluated and rather unethical, which is called "Loophole Ethics". (I wrote it myself)
(1) Which of the two should I choose when I meant them in general? (2) Which of the two should I choose when I meant one particular situation, understanding the subject is plural.
Could you help me clarify it? Thank you always.