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I have seen them in a book written by non-natives.

It they are correct then what do 'take and have' mean here?

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They are grammatical, and meaningful.

Take X can mean "to eat or consume" if X can be considered in some way medicinal or resolving an abnormal condition (think of it being related to intake or take in). If it is not medicinal, then it has its literal meaning.

Take some aspirin (eat some aspirin to cure a headache)

Take some candy (this means remove candy from where it is and place in your hand/possession, not necessarily to eat it)

Take some water (can mean to drink water to "cure" thirst, or remove a quantity of water from somewhere and place in your possession/control somehow)

There's a lot of nouns, including ones that describe food or eating events, that can be used with have that essentially mean "receive/take/get X" where doing that is some sort of event or action that consumes a stretch of time. Have some food versus get some food can imply that you will sit down and eat, instead of grabbing the food and going.

Have dinner with us (Sit down and spend some time to eat with us)

Have a good time at the party (Party will consume a stretch of time)

And of course, if you want someone to have something, but get it themselves, you can use have X imperatively. This isn't really related to what X is.

Have an aspirin for your headache (If I'm not handing you one, I'm asking you to go to the medicine cabinet and get it yourself).

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  • Thanks, I got what you said abou 'take' but not about 'have '. A says I am hungry. B says me too, Let's have something to eat. What does 'have' mean here? He can simply say Le's eat something for example. – Mahdi Mar 2 '18 at 20:08
  • Let's have something to eat - that's an invitation to a sit down meal - or stop what you are doing at the current moment for a while at least - more than just eating something. – LawrenceC Mar 2 '18 at 21:28
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In context 'take' means 'bring along' or 'get' the item to eat or drink.

In context 'Let's have something to eat/drink' is equivalent (the same as) to 'Let's eat/drink something'.

As their meanings are different, have and take are not equivalent.

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  • I couldn't find 'have something to eat' in dictionaries. – Mahdi Mar 2 '18 at 20:14

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