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I saw the following examples in a book:

  1. We have several new plants to be watered
  2. Maria still has several letters to write
  3. Do you have any money to spend ?

Why in first case did an author use "to be" (watered), whereas in other two he used just "to" (write, spend)? Obviously, letters as well as money can't write or spend themselves, too.

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It is probably just stylistic, with *to be you would use the past participle

Maria still has several letters to be written.
Do you have any money to be spent.

the meaning of your sentences does not change.

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