1

In the phrase below, the last participle phrase looks attached to "pets" or rather to "cats and dogs".

What would be your first opinion?

Sam liked pets, including cats and dogs, encountered in the street.

  • 3
    Welcome to ELL. including cats and dogs is bracketed by commas and is therefore understood as a parenthesis; consequently, encountered ... is understood to modify pets. – StoneyB on hiatus Jan 18 '14 at 3:39
2

“Including cats and dogs” is bracketed by commas and is therefore understood as a parenthesis.

Consequently, “encountered [. . .]” is understood to modify “pets”.

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