Machiavelli "The Prince" Chapter VIII

The Harvard Classics:

Injuries, therefore, should be inflicted all at once, that their ill savour being less lasting may the less offend; whereas, benefits should be conferred little by little, that so they may be more fully relished.

I'm wondering:

1 "the" should either be deleted, or be corrected as "they" ("may they" is the inversion of "they may").

2 "that so" should be "so that" or "that".

FYI (the Harvard Classics is the last one of the four translations): enter image description here

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    In the less and the more the word the is the survival of an archaic instrumental inflection. the less|the more = to a lesser |greater degree – Tᴚoɯɐuo Apr 9 '18 at 11:50
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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because questions about obsolete or archaic English are off topic. – James K Apr 9 '18 at 14:11
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    It's still not a form that would be used now. Now we would say "Offend less" and "so" instead of "that so". The source text is very hard to understand, even for native speakers. I've found examples of the "that so" in the KJV of the bible and in some victorian texts. It isn't a form used in modern English – James K Apr 10 '18 at 9:40
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    Little Red Riding Hood says to the wolf, "Grandma, why do you have such big eyes?" and the wolf replies, "The better to see you, my dear." – Tᴚoɯɐuo Apr 10 '18 at 13:48
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    In Old English, þȳ,was the instrumental case of the pronoun se but in that oblique case the pronoun expressed degree ("by that much"). And by "Old English" I don't mean the English of 100 years ago but the English of over 1000 years ago. – Tᴚoɯɐuo Apr 10 '18 at 14:04

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