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I was told that it is possible to say:

"I already was about to go to (no article) class tomorrow morning."

without an article after the the preposition "to" before the countable noun "class" in this example.

Well, the reason for that is not understood to me, while I obviously understand the difference between the articles "a"/"an" and "the" I don't understand the omitting of all articles here. If it's just non specific class we can say "I already was about to go to a class tomorrow", so why we omit the indefinite article here?

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You go to school, university, classroom, office, and college etc for a purpose. And, this is a regular affair.

So, if the event is regular, and the purpose is clear (of studying), zero article.

Henry and Keith go to school

But when you emphasize the destination/place, you put an article.

I am going to the school to pick Henry and Keith.

Similarly,

I went to hotel soon after I landed there (for staying purpose)

but...

I went to the hotel to meet Mr Anderson (for specific meeting)

In above all examples, the place is specific and thus, the article the is put. But to answer your question, if there is a specific purpose for a specific place (like meeting someone), you may put the article or else, if it's a general event, you omit the article.

More on zero article is here.

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    I like your explanation of the principle involved but I’ve never come across your (somewhat jarring) example: * I went to Hotel* unless its name follows:*I went to Hotel Central* – Ronald Sole Apr 10 '18 at 7:33
  • So are there a few examples in which they can be both with article or without, ot it is in any case when the purpose is clear? (hospital, clinic, stadium etc.). I'd like to see a reference for that, if yo don't mind. – Judicious Allure Apr 10 '18 at 10:29
  • @Archimedean_Point that's straight from my knowledge. No reference. And yes, if that's your usual affair/visit as profession or employee, zero article. – Maulik V Apr 10 '18 at 12:41
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    Whether to use an article or not is also sometimes dependent on dialect. In the UK and Canada it's common to say that someone "goes to hospital" (no article). In the USA, you never omit the article: it's always "goes to the hospital." – Canadian Yankee Apr 10 '18 at 13:27
  • @Maulik is the following question has to do something with the principle in your answer or I have to ask a separate question? I read a book which states "Inheritence, age, gender, infectious agents, or behaviours, can all cause disease." Why is there not an article before "disease"? – Judicious Allure Apr 11 '18 at 10:35

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