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In the sentence

  1. I have read your paper, which is very well-written, carefully.

"your paper" is described by the relative clause "which is very well-written".

I'm looking for grammar rules related to the distance between a noun and the relative clause describing it. For example, I'm not sure if the following sentences are grammatical:

  1. I have read your paper carefully, which is very well-written.

  2. I read your paper carefully last night, which is very well-written.

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I am not aware of a concrete distance rule (direct answer to your question), but have been guided by advice that proximity is king.

One way that English works around this is the remarkable (but not complete) freedom to move even our unmarked adverbs throughout the sentence.

I would submit:

"I have carefully read your paper, which..."

This has the benefit of placing the verb and adverb together, and strengthens the proximity between the object and [adjectival clause, I think] by simplifying the rest of the sentence.

One of the best pieces of advice I received is to re-write rather than repair.

I read your paper last night.  It is very well-written.

Your paper is very well-written.  I read it last night.

And in a minor style note, I would also get rid of "very".

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