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What is the idiomatic way to say "doing something for somebody" when they are supposed to do it, not you ?

Say for example a school mate asks you to do the assignment she's been given.

How would you say it? "He asked me to do his assignment [don't know how to say it in place of him?]"

UPDATE:

Following some of the comments I received, I want to clarify that the context is not necessarily academic cheating. What I'm trying to find -provided that it exists- is a translation from my language (Italian) of a subtlety in meaning when you do something for somebody who were supposed to do this thing and you decide, whatever the reason, to come forward and carry it out for her.

A couple of examples more:

  • a colleague is assigned a task, but can't (because she doesn't know how) or doesn't want to do it (maybe because of laziness). Then you do the task for her (either because she asked you for help or you simply decided that somebody had to do it)
  • a death sentence is handed down to someone and you step up begging to be taken instead

How would you rephrase the [for somebody] part in the two sentences above? Again, maybe I'm struggling because I can see a slight difference in meaning in Italian, when perhaps in English there is no straight translation

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    Usually, saying He asked me to do his assignment for him, is clear enough that he didn't want to do the assignment (or homework) himself. You seem to already know the for somebody expression. Maybe you just wanted confirmation, perhaps? ;-) – Damkerng T. Jan 25 '14 at 14:13
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    A related term is slacking, which means not working as hard as you should be. So you could say, "I'm not going to do your homework for you! Quit slacking!" But that's only tangent to your core question, because it doesn't address the "doing something for somebody" part. – J.R. Jan 25 '14 at 15:34
  • Is "instead of himself" appropriate? – user3214 Jan 25 '14 at 16:02
  • "took the bullet" is a good one. It wouldn't quite work with your example of schoolwork but your second example, a death sentence, would work well. – stackUnderflow Jan 26 '14 at 19:34
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There are a few phrases that you can use, such as in place (of), instead (of) (also stead), to express the "doing something for somebody", depending on the context.

In any case, the phrase for someone doesn't have to mean that the person you do something for must be lazy. This, again, depends on the context. Compare:

He asked me to do his assignment for him.
I offered myself to do his assignment for him.

Here are some examples of in place (of), in someone's place, instead (of), and stead, I found on the web:

John came to help in place of Max, who was sick.
When the king's cloaked challenge is answered, Fluellen stands in place of him, representing him, and receiving the blow.
She knew she should not have sent him to work in her place tonight.
"O king, take my life instead of hers. Let me die in her place," he pleaded.
... it was Judas who was crucified instead of him, ...
... she had to ask their family doctor to prescribe instead of him making it available to begin with.
Take me instead! Not my boy!
The chairman spoke in her stead.
The marketing manager was ill and her deputy ran the meeting in her stead.

So, you can say any of these followings (choose wisely, register is important),

He asked me to do his assignment for him.
He asked me to do his assignment in place of him.
He asked me to do his assignment in his place.
He asked me to do his assignment instead.
He asked me to do his assignment instead of him.
He asked me to do his assignment instead of him doing it himself.
He asked me to do his assignment in his stead. (formal)

  • This is a super comprehensive answer. And you dissipated my doubts about using in place of him/instead of him. thanks :) – MdMazzotti Jan 27 '14 at 16:20
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It's like doing something on behalf of someone else. So you will do it on behalf of that person.

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    mmm, I'm not sure I like it. "On behalf of" sounds more a formal mandate to act for someone else. In my case, you are substituting someone in her duties (read it: one is supposed to do something, but you do it for her instead) – MdMazzotti Jan 25 '14 at 13:47
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    "On behalf of" is usually used in a setting where there is nothing unethical going on, like "I signed the papers on behalf of my daughter," or "I issued the edict on behalf of the king." I don't think it's a good word to use for academic cheating. – J.R. Jan 25 '14 at 15:29

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