• Did you play tennis? - Yes, I played.
  • Did you play tennis? - Yes, I did.

Which one is correct? Both seem fine to me. But answer is saying that second one is correct.

  • Yes, second one is correct because in this type of "short answers" the verb of the question is echoed in the answer by the appropriate auxiliary. – None Jan 27 '14 at 9:26
  • Also, the title is like vs. do like, but your question is about playing tennis. Perhaps, you are confusing yourself. ;-) – Damkerng T. Jan 27 '14 at 9:27
  • Because I like playing tennis. ;) – hellodear Jan 27 '14 at 9:31
  • The second example is a shortened form of "Yes, I did [play tennis]." You can omit the verb phrase play tennis because 1) an auxiliary is present (do) and 2) it's recoverable from context. Why do? Because you don't have an auxiliary and you need one, and when that's the case, do is the one you insert: "Yes, I played tennis." -> "Yes, I did [play tennis]." But this omission is licensed by any auxiliary, not just do: "Would you like some cake? Yes, I would [like some cake]." – snailplane Jan 27 '14 at 11:00

"Yes, I played" is ungrammatical, because play is used transitively in the question. If you want to repeat the word play, answer "Did you play tennis?" with "Yes, I played it."

Here are possible long and short answers for your question.

Did you play tennis? - Yes, I played it.
Did you play tennis? - Yes, I did.

  • what do you mean by "transitively" here? – hellodear Jan 27 '14 at 9:30
  • 1
    It (being used transitively) means that the verb needs a direct object. Compare: I sleep. (sleep here is used intransitively), I ate it. (ate here is used transitively). – Damkerng T. Jan 27 '14 at 9:32
  • 1
    This may be true in a technical sense (thus explaining the answer given in the book), but I don't think this "rule" necessarily holds in conversation. If I told my daughters to play tennis on a Saturday, and then that evening I asked them, "Did you play tennis today?" they might respond with, "Yes, we played," and I wouldn't correct their speech. – J.R. Jan 27 '14 at 10:03
  • @J.R. Agreed. I often found myself saying similar phrases in chat rooms too. – Damkerng T. Jan 27 '14 at 10:07
  • It's fine. People say things like "Oh, do you play [tennis]?" You can analyze it as ellipsis or say it's intransitive, but theory aside, people say it and accept it so it's probably fine. – snailplane Jan 27 '14 at 10:54

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