From a research paper:

How can such a diverse group of pathogens confer similar risks of psychotic disorder? Common to the implicated pathogens is the maternal immune response. In support of this possibility, enduring fevers above a certain threshold pose the greatest risk (10).

Do the authors mean "fevers that are enduring" (fevers that last long) and which produce a body temperature above a certain threshold"?

Or do they mean "for a future mother, being in a state of fever (enduring a fever) for a period of time that exceeds a certain threshold is to put herself at the greatest risk" of maternal immune response?

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    If they'd meant to say the latter, the sentence would read ...poses the greatest risk. – userr2684291 May 10 '18 at 19:33
  • [...[similar risks to those of a psychotic disorder. "Enduring fevers" means: a person enduring fevers. Being subjected to fevers above a certain threshold. As in: "Enduring a fever is not my favorite pass time." Being subjected to a fever. – Lambie May 10 '18 at 19:35
  • I agree, but the authors are all non-native speakers, and an error could have easily been missed by a reviewer. I would say that this is ambiguous. Reading the cited paper (biologicalpsychiatryjournal.com/article/S0006-3223(13)00946-3/…) could answer this. – James K May 10 '18 at 19:36
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    "Enduring" can mean "long-lasting", e.g. a poet of enduring greatness, the enduring appeal of cartoons, I shall be left with many enduring memories of the time I spent in India. – Michael Harvey May 10 '18 at 19:58
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    The simplest explanation is that they mean enduring in the sense of ongoing*—an adjective. Absent any clear evidence that they mean *enduring fevers to be a gerund phrase, you should assume they mean continuing. Really, you need to torture logic to make it mean anything else. – Robusto May 10 '18 at 21:47

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