- The cooking soup on the stove got burnt.
- The soup cooking on the stove got burnt.
I think in the first there must be 'cooked' in the place of 'cooking'.
Please explain the difference in meanings of these sentences.
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The cooking soup on the stove got burnt. is incorrect. In this sentence, you use a verb that acts like an adverb, which is perfectly fine but obscures the point of the sentence.
The main reason that The soup cooking on the stove got burnt. would be better is that it is more accurate to the situation. The second sentence tells you that the soup is cooking on the stove. The first one may be interpreted as soup called “cooking soup” sitting on the stove burnt.
Also, it would be more appropriate to use was or became rather that got because got usually means acquired or obtained.